Was Jesus Christ A Demigod? [What the Bible Teaches]


Theologians, historians, and anyone else who finds Jesus of Nazareth fascinating have discussed and debated his identity for 2,000 years. Jesus himself made clear claims about who he was, but that hasn’t stopped some readers from coming to their own conclusions about him. Some wonder if Jesus was just a human being, if he was God in the flesh, or if he was even a demigod.

Jesus Christ wasn’t a demigod when the term is defined as a being with partial or lesser divine status than a deity who is sovereign over all things. Jesus also wasn’t a human being who earned or was conferred with, the status of a god or demigod. Jesus of Nazareth has always been fully God.

What is the difference between God and a demigod? How is Jesus different than the demigods of other ancient worldviews like the Greek, Roman, or Nordic? What characteristics of Jesus reveal his identity as God? Keep reading to learn the answers to these questions and others.

Jesus of Nazareth
What is the definition of “God” in Christianity? See below

What is the difference between God and a demigod?

The general definition of a demigod is “a being with partial or lesser divine status, such as a minor deity, the offspring of a god and a mortal, or a mortal raised to divine rank” (Oxford Languages). Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary says that a demigod is “a mythological being with more power than a mortal but less than a god.” [1]

Well-known demigods from ancient mythologies include Achilles (Greek), Imhotep (Egyptian), Hercules (Roman), Vali (Hindu), and Sleipnir (Norse). The attributes of demigods aren’t consistent across ancient worldviews.

GodDemigod
Supreme beingLess than supreme
EternalAre often born and they can die
CreatorMay share in some responsibilities
SustainerMay share in some responsibilities
KingDon’t rule or master anything alone
IndependentAre often dependent on other deities and people
LawgiverDon’t determine morality alone

An example of the definition of “God” in Christianity is “The supreme being who is creator and ruler of the universe (Gen. 1:1). Christians believe God is a Trinity: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, three persons and one God.” [1] Other traditional definitions of God include listing his various attributes like infinite, eternal, and unchangeable, in his being, wisdom, power, holiness, justice, goodness, and truth.

Jesus is God
Did Jesus possess the attributes of God? See below

Jesus was worshipped as God, not a demigod

“When the Bible says that Christ is God, it does not ask us to forget a single thing that it has said about the stupendous majesty of God. No, it asks us to remember every one of those things in order that we may apply them all to Jesus Christ.” – Gresham Machen

God the FatherGod the Son
Receives honorExod. 20:2-3, 34:14; Deut. 5:6-7John 5:23; Heb. 3:3-4
Receives gloryExod. 15:2; Psa. 29:1-3; cf. Matt. 5:16; Rom. 15:6-92 Tim. 4:18; Heb. 13:20-21; 1 Pet. 4:11
Receives worshipDeut. 6:13; Psa. 97:7; Isa. 45:23; Rev. 19:10Matt. 2:2, 11; 8:2; 9:18; 14:33; 15:25; 20:20; 28:9, 17; Phil. 2:10-11; Heb. 1:6; Rev. 1:17, 5:14
Receives prayerGen. 4:26; 1 Chron. 16:8; Psa. 65:2; Isa. 44:17; 45:20-22; Joel 2:32John 14:14; Acts 1:24-25; 7:59-60; Rom. 10:12-13; 1 Cor. 1:2; Rev. 22:20-21
God the FatherGod the Son
Worship songs dedicated to himExod. 15:21; Psa. 7:17, 9:11, 92:1, 95:1, 96:2, Isa. 42:10Eph. 5:19; Rev. 5:9-10; cf. Phil. 2:6-11
Is the object of faithGen. 15:6; Isa. 28:16; 43:10; Mark 11:22; Heb. 6:1; 11:6Matt. 9:28; John 1:12; 3:15-18; 6:35, 40; 14:1; 20:31; Acts 3:16; 10:43; 16:31; 20:21; 22:19; Rom. 9:33; Gal. 3:26; 1 Pet. 2:6; 1 John 3:23; 5:1-13
Is revered or fearedDeut. 6:13; 10:20; Prov. 1:7; 2:5; 9:10; Isa. 8:12-132 Cor. 5:10-11; Eph. 5:21; 6:7-8; Col. 3:22-25; 1 Pet. 3:14-16
Is the object of devotionDeut. 6:13; cf. Matt. 4:10Matt. 26:2, 18, 26-29; Mark 14:12-16, 22-25; Luke 22:8-20; Acts 2:38; 8:16; 10:48; 19:5; 1 Cor. 10:16-22
Is the object of affectionExod. 20:6; Deut. 5:10; 6:4-5; 11:1, 13:6-11; 19:9; 30:6-8-20; 33:9; Josh. 22:5; Neh. 1:5; Dan. 9:4; Matt. 22:37Matt. 10:37; Luke 14:26; John 14:15, 21; 15:10; Eph. 6:24
Christ demigod
Did Jesus perform acts of God? See below

Jesus possessed the attributes of God, not a demigod

“We believe in one Lord, Jesus Christ, the only Son of God, eternally begotten of the Father, God from God, light from light, true God from true God, begotten, not made, of one Being with the Father.” – Nicene Creed

God the FatherGod the Son
Pre-existenceThe Father has always existed (see verses below)Matt. 9:13; 20:28; 23:34; Mark 10:45; Luke 4:43; 5:32; 13:34; 19:10; John 8:42; 10:36; 13:3; 16:28; Rom. 8:3; Gal. 4:4-6; Phil. 2:6-7
EternalPsa. 90:2; 102:25-27John 1:1-3; 8:56-59; 17:5; Col. 1:16-17; Heb. 1:2, 10-12; 7:3
UncreatedGen. 1:1; Isa. 43:10John 1:3, 10; 1 Cor. 8:6; Col. 1:16-17; Heb. 1:2, 10-12; cf. Prov. 8:22; Rev. 3:14
ImmutableNum. 23:19; Psa. 102:26-27; Mal. 3:6; James 1:17Heb. 1:10-12; 13:8; cf. 2 Cor. 1:20
LovingDeut. 7:8; 10:15, 18; Psa. 146:8; Prov. 3:12; Isa. 63:9; Jer. 31:3; Hos. 3:1John 13:34; 15:9, 12-13; Rom. 8:35-39; Gal. 2:20; Eph. 3:19; 5:2; Rev. 1:5; cf. Rom. 5:8
OmnipotentJob 42:2; Luke 1:37Matt. 28:18; John 2:19-22; 10:17-18; 1 Cor. 1:23-24; 2 Cor. 12:9; Eph. 1:19-21; Col. 2:10; 1 Peter 3:22
OmnipresentGen 28:15; 1 Kings 8:27; Psa. 139:7-10; John 4:20-24Matt. 8:5-13; 18:20; 28:20; Mark 7:24-30; Luke 7:1-10; John 1:47-49; Eph. 4:10-11
OmniscientJohn 4:20–24; 1 Kings 8:39; Ps. 139:1–4; Isa. 46:9–10; Matt. 10:30; 1 John 3:20Matt. 9:4; 12:25; Mark 2:6–8; Luke 6:8; 21:20–24; John 4:16-18; 11:11–15; 13:10–11, 21–29, 36–38; 16:30–31; 21:17; Acts 1:24; 1 Cor. 4:5;
IncomprehensibleIsa. 40:18Matt. 11:27; cf. Luke 10:22

Jesus was called the names of God, not a demigod

“They that deny Christ to be God, must greatly wrest, or else deny the Scripture to be the Word of God.” – Thomas Watson

God the FatherGod the Son
Name above every nameExod. 3:15; 20:7; Deut. 5:11; 28:58; Pss. 8:1, 9; 20:7; Isa. 45:21–23; Joel 2:32; Luke 1:49; Rom. 2:24; 1 Tim. 6:1; Rev. 11:18; 13:6; 15:4; 16:9Matt. 7:22; 24:9; Mark 9:38–39; Luke 10:17; 21:12, 17; John 1:12; 15:21; 20:31; Acts 2:21, 36, 38; 3:6, 16; 4:7-18; 5:28, 40–41; 8:16; 9:14, 21, 27–28; 10:43, 48; 15:26; 16:18; 19:5, 17; 21:13; 22:16; Rom. 10:12–13; 1 Cor. 1:13–15; 6:11; Eph. 1:21; Phil. 2:9–11; Col. 3:17; 1 Peter 4:14; 1 John 2:12; 1 John 3:23; 5:13; 3 John 7; Rev. 2:3, 13; 3:8
GodDeut. 4:35, 39; 32:39; 2 Sam. 22:32; 2 Chron. 15:3; Isa. 37:20; 43:10; 44:6–8; Jer. 10:10; John 5:44; 17:3; Rom. 3:30; 16:27; 1 Cor. 8:4–6; Gal. 3:20; Eph. 4:6; 1 Thess. 1:9; 1 Tim. 1:17; 2:5; James 2:19; 1 John 5:20–21; Jude 25Isa. 7:14; 9:6; John 1:1, 18; 20:28; Acts 20:28; Rom. 9:5; Titus 2:13; Heb. 1:8; 2 Peter 1:1 (cf. 1:11; 2:20; 3:18)
Lord (YHWH/ Kurios)Gen. 2:4; Exod. 3:15– 18; Deut. 3:24 LXX [etc.]; 6:4; Pss. 34:8; 118:25; Isa. 8:12–13; 40:3, 13; 45:23; Joel 2:32Matt. 3:3; 7:21–22; 8:25; 14:30; Mark 1:3; Luke 3:4; 6:46; Acts 1:24; 2:21, 36; 7:59–60; Rom. 10:9–13; 1 Cor. 1:2, 2:16; 4:4–5; 5:4; 6:11; 7:17, 32–35; 8:6; 10:21–22; 16:22–23; Phil. 2:9–11; 1 Peter 2:3; 3:13–15
Bridegroom/ HusbandIsa. 54:5; 62:5; Jer. 31:32Matt. 22:2; 25:1–13; Mark 2:19; John 3:29; 2 Cor. 11:2; Eph. 5:25–27; Rev. 19:7–9; 21:2, 9
King of Kings & Lord of LordsDan. 4:37; 1 Tim. 6:15; cf. Deut. 10:17; Ps. 136:2–3Rev. 17:14; 19:16
SaviorDeut. 32:15; Pss. 25:5; 27:9; 62:2, 6; 65:5; 79:9; 95:1; Isa. 12:2; 17:10; 45:15, 21; Mic. 7:7; Hab. 3:18Luke 2:11; John 4:42; Phil. 3:20; 2 Tim. 1:10; Titus 2:13; 2 Peter 1:11; 2:20; 3:2, 18; 1 John 4:14
I AmDeut. 32:29; Isa. 41:4; 43:2, 5, 10–11, 25; 46:4; 52:6; cf. Exod. 3:14John 4:26; 6:20; 8:24, 28, 58; 13:18–19; 18:5–8
First & Last/ Alpha & Omega/
Beginning & End
Isa. 41:4; 44:6; 48:12; Rev. 21:6Rev. 1:7–8, 17b–18; 2:8; 22:12–13

Jesus performed acts of God, not demigods

“The good news is that in the face of Jesus Christ we see the very face of God, the One who has decided to be with us and for us in spite of our sin.” – Kevin Vanhoozer

God the FatherGod the Son
Creating and sustaining all thingsGen. 1:1; 2:7; Neh. 9:6; Psa. 95:5–7; 102:25; Isa. 44:24; Jer. 10:16; 51:19; Acts 4:24; 14:15; Rom. 11:36; Heb. 2:10; Rev. 4:11John 1:3, 10; 1 Cor. 8:6; Col. 1:16–17; Heb. 1:2-3, 10
Sovereignly ruling over the forces of natureGen. 8:1; Exod. 14:21; Job 38:8–11; Pss. 33:7; 65:7; 74:13–14; 77:16–20; 104:4–9; Prov. 8:22–31; Isa. 17:12–13; 35:4–6; Jer. 5:22; 31:35Matt 8:23–27 (cf. Mark 4:35–41; Luke 8:22–25); Matt 14:13–21 (cf. Mark
6:32–44; Luke 9:10–17; John 6:1–15); Matt 15:32–39 Matt 17:24–27; Mark 5:19–20 (cf. Luke 8:39); Luke 5:1–11; 7:11–16; John 2:1–11
Illumination and
revelation
Gen. 40:8; 41:15–16; Ps. 119:18; Dan. 2:20–23; Amos 3:7Matt. 11:27; Luke 10:22; John 1:4–5, 9, 18; 2 Thess. 2:8; 1 Tim. 6:14; 2 Tim. 1:10; 4:1, 8; Titus 2:13
Speaking with
divine authority
Cf. “Thus says the Lord”
(over 400x); Isa. 40:8; 52:6;
55:11–12
Matt. 5:20–22, etc.; 7:24–29; 24:35; Mark 1:22; 13:31;
Luke 4:32; John 4:26; 7:46;
cf. “Amen I say to you” (74x)
Word of the Lord1 Kings 13:1, 2, 5, 32; 20:35; 2 Chron. 30:12; cf. 2 Sam. 16:23; 1 Chron. 15:15Acts 8:25; 13:44, 48–49; 15:35–36; 16:32; 19:10, 20; 1 Thess. 4:15
God the FatherGod the Son
SalvationExod. 15:2; Deut. 32:15; Pss. 3:8; 24:5; 25:5 (etc.); 62:1–2, 6–7; 118:14, 21; 130:8; Isa. 45:15, 21; Titus 1:3; 2:10; 3:4Matt. 1:21; Luke 19:9–10; John 3:17; 10:9; 14:6; Acts 4:12; 16:31; 1 Cor. 15:1–4; 1 Tim. 1:1, 15; Titus 1:4; 2:13–14; 3:6; Heb. 5:9; Rev.
7:10
Showing mercyPss. 6:2; 9:13; 31:9; 41:4, 10; 56:1; 86:3; 123:3; Isa. 33:2Matt. 15:22; 20:30, 31
Forgiveness of
sins
Exod. 34:6–7; Psa. 51:4; 130:4; Isa. 43:25; 44:22; 55:7; Jer. 31:34; Dan. 9:9Matt 9:1–8 (cf. Mark 2:1–12; Luke 5:17–26); Luke 7:47–49; Acts 5:31; Col. 3:13
Sending the Spirit
& his gifts
Joel 2:28–29; John 14:26; Rom. 8:9; 1 Cor. 12:6Matt 3:11; Luke 24:49; John 1:33; 7:37–39; 15:26; 16:7–14; 20:22; Acts 2:33; 16:6–7; Rom. 8:9; 1 Cor. 12:5; Eph. 4:8–11; Phil. 1:19
Giving and being
life
Gen. 2:7; Deut. 32:39; 1 Sam. 2:6; Ps. 36:9; Jer. 2:13John 1:4; 3:15–16; 5:21–26; 10:10; 14:6; 17:3; 20:30–31; Acts 3:15; Rom. 6:23; Phil. 1:21; Gal. 2:20; Col. 3:3–4
Raising the deadDeut. 32:39; 1 Sam. 2:6; Gal. 1:1John 2:19–22; 5:28–29; 6:40, 54; 10:17–18, 27–28; 11:25–26; Acts 2:24
Source of all
spiritual blessings
(See references to the right)Eph. 1:2–3; 1 Tim. 1:2; 2 Tim. 1:2; 2 John 3; Rev. 1:4; 2 Thess. 2:16–17
Judging all peopleGen. 18:25; Deut. 1:17; Pss. 7:9–11; 50:4, 6; 62:12; 75:7; 96:12–13; Prov. 24:12; Isa. 40:9–11; Jer. 25:31; Joel 3:12; Rom. 2:3; 14:10Matt. 16:27; 25:31–46; John 5:22–23; Acts 10:42; 17:31; Rom. 2:16; 1 Cor. 4:4–5; 2 Cor. 5:10; 2 Thess. 1:7–8; 2 Tim. 4:1; Rev. 2:23

Jesus had the authority of God, not a demigod

“Depend on it, my hearer, you never will go to heaven unless you are prepared to worship Jesus Christ as God.” – Charles Spurgeon

God the FatherGod the Son
God’s highest possible throneDan. 4:34–35; Rom. 14:10; Rev 4:2; 5:1; 20:11; cf. 7:15Ps. 110:1; Matt. 22:44; 25:31; 26:64; Mark 12:36; 14:62; 16:19; Luke 20:42–43; 22:69; Acts 2:33–35; 5:31; 7:55–56; Rom. 8:34; 1 Cor. 15:25; 2 Cor. 5:10; Eph. 1:20; 2:6; Col. 3:1; Heb. 1:3, 13; 8:1; 10:12–13; 12:2; 1 Peter 3:22; Rev. 3:21; 7:17; 22;1, 3
Claiming to be equal to GodExod. 20:3, 7; Deut. 5:7, 11; cf. Ps. 110:1; Dan. 7:13–14; cf. Ezek. 1:26–28; see also Exod. 14:20; 34:5; Num. 10:34; Ps. 104:3; Isa. 19:1Matt. 9:3 (cf. Mark 2:7); Mark 14:61–64; John 5:17–18; 8:58–59; 10:27–33; 19:7
Ruling over all thingsIsa. 44:24; Jer. 10:16; 51:19Matt. 11:25–27; 28:18; Luke 10:21–22; John 3:35; 13:3; 16:15; Acts 10:36; 1 Cor. 15:27–28; Eph. 1:22; Phil. 2:10; 3:21; Heb. 1:2; 2:8; Rev. 5:13
Ruling foreverPsa. 9:7; 45:6; 93:2; Lam. 5:19; Dan. 4:34–35; Rev. 5:13Luke 1:33; Eph. 1:19b–21; Heb. 1:8; Rev 11:15; cf. Eph. 5:5; Rev. 22:1, 3

References:
[1] Source
[2] Westminster Dictionary of Theology. p. 132.

Daniel Isaiah Joseph

Daniel's seminary degree is in Exegetical Theology. He was a pastor for 10 years. As a professor, he has taught Bible and theology courses at two Christian universities. Please see the About page for details.

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