What Did Isaiah Prophesy about Jesus’ Birth?

The Bible is a book of profound significance, and within its pages lie the prophecies of old, foretelling events and the coming of a Messiah who would change the course of human history.

Among the many prophets whose words are recorded in the Bible, the Prophet Isaiah holds a special place.

His prophecies, found in the Book of Isaiah, provide a remarkable glimpse into the birth, life, and mission of Jesus Christ.

In this article, we will explore the prophecies made by Isaiah concerning the birth of Jesus Christ, and how these ancient words found their fulfillment in the New Testament.

Christmas tree
What did Isaiah say about Jesus’ birth? See below

Isaiah’s Prophecy of a Virgin Birth

To truly understand the significance of Isaiah’s prophecy about Jesus Christ’s birth, we must first turn our attention to Isaiah 7:14. It reads, “Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin will conceive and give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel.”

Isaiah’s Prophecy in Context

To appreciate the weight of this prophecy, we must consider the historical context in which it was given.

Around 735 B.C., the kingdom of Judah faced a crisis as neighboring nations threatened to invade. In this tumultuous period, God sent Isaiah to King Ahaz with a message of assurance.

The Virgin Birth of Jesus

Isaiah’s prophecy promised a sign from the Lord—a virgin conceiving and giving birth to a son, whom they would call Immanuel, meaning “God with us.”

This remarkable prophecy points to the extraordinary nature of the Messiah’s birth.

The Fulfillment in the New Testament

Matthew, in his Gospel (Matthew 1:22-23), directly connects Isaiah’s prophecy to the birth of Jesus Christ.

He writes, “All this took place to fulfill what the Lord had said through the prophet: ‘The virgin will conceive and give birth to a son, and they will call him Immanuel’ (which means ‘God with us’).”

Here, Matthew unequivocally states that Jesus’ birth to the Virgin Mary was the fulfillment of Isaiah’s prophecy.

The birth of Jesus was a miraculous event, signifying His divine nature and His mission to be “God with us.”

What titles of Jesus does Isaiah mention? See below

The Prophecy of the Messiah’s Lineage

Isaiah’s prophecies not only foretold the manner of Christ’s birth but also provided insights into His identity and role as the Messiah.

In Isaiah 9:6-7, we find a passage that resonates with deep theological significance: “For to us a child is born, to us a son is given, and the government will be on his shoulders. And he will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.”

The Titles of the Messiah

Isaiah’s prophecy assigns a series of remarkable titles to the coming Messiah.

These titles include “Wonderful Counselor,” “Mighty God,” “Everlasting Father,” and “Prince of Peace.”

Each of these titles sheds light on the divine nature of the Messiah and His mission.

The Genealogies in the New Testament

To establish the fulfillment of this prophecy, we turn to the New Testament, where the genealogies of Jesus are provided in Matthew 1:1-16 and Luke 3:23-38.

These genealogies trace Jesus’ lineage back to King David, confirming His rightful claim to the throne of David and fulfilling the prophecy of Isaiah.

Matthew’s genealogy highlights Jesus’ legal right to the throne through His stepfather, Joseph, while Luke’s genealogy traces His biological lineage through His mother, Mary.

Through these genealogies, we see the convergence of prophecies and history, validating Jesus as the Messiah foretold by Isaiah.

What did Isaiah say about Jesus’ ministry? See below

Isaiah’s Prediction of Jesus’ Ministry

Isaiah’s prophecies not only focused on the birth and lineage of the Messiah but also provided insights into His earthly ministry.

In Isaiah 61:1-2, we find a profound proclamation: “The Spirit of the Sovereign Lord is on me because the Lord has anointed me to proclaim good news to the poor. He has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim freedom for the captives and release from darkness for the prisoners.”

The Anointed Ministry

Isaiah’s words describe the anointed ministry of the Messiah. The mention of “good news to the poor,” “binding up the brokenhearted,” and “freedom for the captives” allude to a mission of healing, restoration, and redemption.

The Messiah’s mission was not merely political but spiritual, offering hope and liberation to the oppressed.

Jesus’ Affirmation of Isaiah’s Prophecy

In the New Testament, specifically in the Gospel of Luke (Luke 4:16-21), we witness Jesus directly affirming Isaiah’s prophecy as fulfilled in His ministry.

When Jesus read from the scroll of Isaiah in the synagogue of Nazareth, He declared, “Today this scripture is fulfilled in your hearing.” By these words, Jesus identified Himself as the anointed one foretold by Isaiah.

Examples of Jesus’ Ministry Aligning with Isaiah’s Words

Throughout His ministry, Jesus embodied the fulfillment of Isaiah’s prophecies.

He preached the good news, healed the sick, comforted the brokenhearted, and set free those enslaved by sin and darkness.

His actions mirrored Isaiah’s words, confirming that He was indeed the promised Messiah.

The Suffering Servant Prophecy

One of the most profound and poignant prophecies in the Book of Isaiah is found in Isaiah 53.

Often referred to as the “Suffering Servant” passage, it paints a vivid picture of a servant who would bear the sins of many and make atonement for humanity.

The Suffering Servant

Isaiah 53 vividly describes the suffering and rejection that the Messiah would endure.

It speaks of His wounds, His silence before His accusers, and His willingness to bear the sins of others.

This prophecy foreshadows the crucifixion and the redemptive work of Jesus Christ.

Fulfillment in the New Testament

The New Testament affirms the fulfillment of the Suffering Servant prophecy in Jesus Christ.

In Matthew 20:28, Jesus Himself declares, “the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.”

This statement directly aligns with Isaiah’s prophecy of the suffering servant who would make atonement for sin.

Similarly, 1 Peter 2:24-25 references Isaiah 53:5, affirming that Jesus bore our sins on the cross, providing healing and reconciliation through His sacrifice.


In exploring the prophecies of the Prophet Isaiah regarding the birth, lineage, ministry, and suffering of Jesus Christ, we have embarked on a journey that highlights the profound connection between the Old and New Testaments of the Bible.

Isaiah’s words, written centuries before the birth of Jesus, provide a powerful testimony to the divine plan of salvation.

Isaiah’s prophecies of a virgin birth, divine titles, anointed ministry, and the suffering servant find their remarkable fulfillment in the life and mission of Jesus Christ.

These prophecies not only serve as a testament to the authenticity of the Bible but also deepen our understanding of the significance of Jesus as the promised Messiah.

Daniel Isaiah Joseph

Daniel's seminary degree is in Exegetical Theology. He was a pastor for 10 years. As a professor, he has taught Bible and theology courses at two Christian universities. Please see his About page for details.

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